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Global database on large magnitude explosive volcanic eruptions (LaMEVE)

Helen Sian Crosweller1*, Baneet Arora2, Sarah Krystyna Brown1, Elizabeth Cottrell3, Natalia Irma Deligne14, Natalie Ortiz Guerrero156, Laura Hobbs17, Koji Kiyosugi8, Susan Clare Loughlin9, Jonathan Lowndes9, Martin Nayembil2, Lee Siebert3, Robert Stephen John Sparks1, Shinji Takarada10 and Edward Venzke3

Author Affiliations

1 School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Queens Road, Bristol, BS8 1RJ, UK

2 British Geological Survey, Nicker Hill, Keyworth, Nottingham,, NG12 5GG, UK

3 Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, 20560, USA

4 Current address: GNS Science, PO Box 30368, Avalon, Lower Hutt, 5040, New Zealand

5 Current address: Faculty of Engineering, Universidad Mariana, San Juan de Pasto, Nariño, Colombia

6 Current address: Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, C.P. 04510, Coyoacán, Distrito Federal, México

7 Current address: Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster,, LA1 4YQ, UK

8 Department of Geology, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Avenue, Tampa, Florida, 33620, USA

9 British Geological Survey, Murchison House, West Mains Road, Edinburgh,, EH9 3LA, UK

10 Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, Site 7, 1-1-1, Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8567, Japan

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Journal of Applied Volcanology 2012, 1:4  doi:10.1186/2191-5040-1-4

Published: 10 September 2012

Abstract

To facilitate the assessment of hazards and risk from volcanoes, we have created a comprehensive global database of Quaternary Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE). This forms part of the larger Volcanic Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA), and also forms part of the Global Volcano Model (GVM) initiative (http://www.globalvolcanomodel.org webcite). A flexible search tool allows users to select data on a global, regional or local scale; the selected data can be downloaded into a spreadsheet. The database is publically available online at http://www.bgs.ac.uk/vogripa webcite and currently contains information on nearly 3,000 volcanoes and over 1,800 Quaternary eruption records. Not all volcanoes currently have eruptions associated with them but have been included to allow for easy expansion of the database as more data are found. Data fields include: magnitude, Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI), deposit volumes, eruption dates, and rock type. The scientific community is invited to contribute new data and also alert the database manager to potentially incorrect data. Whilst the database currently focuses only on large magnitude eruptions, it will be expanded to include data specifically relating to the principal volcanic hazards (e.g. pyroclastic flows, tephra fall, lahars, debris avalanches, ballistics), as well as vulnerability (e.g. population figures, building type) to facilitate risk assessments of future eruptions.

Keywords:
Volcanic hazard; Explosive eruptions; Database; Global volcanism; Risk